A novel 3D in vitro tumor model based on silk fibroin/chitosan scaffolds to mimic the tumor microenvironment.
ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces.2018, DOI:10.1021/ acsami. 8b10679 IF 8.097 一区
Drug development involves various evaluation processes to ascertain drug effects and rigorous analysis of biological indicators during in vitro preclinical studies. Twodimensional (2D) cell cultures are commonly used in numerous in vitro studies, which are poor facsimiles of the in vivo conditions. Recently, three-dimensional (3D) tumor models mimicking the tumor microenvironment and reducing the use of experimental animals have been developed generating great interest to appraise tumor response to treatment strategies in cancer therapy. In this study, silk fibroin (SF) protein and chitosan (CS), two natural biomaterials, were chosen to construct the scaffolds of 3D cell models. Human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells in the SF/CS scaffolds were found to have a great tendency to gather and form tumor spheres. A549 cell spheres in the 3D scaffolds showed biological and morphological characteristics much closer to the in vivo tumors. Besides, the cells in 3D models displayed better invasion ability and drug resistance than 2D models. Additionally, differences in drug-resistant and immune-related protein levels were found, which indicated that 3D models might resemble the real-life situation. These findings suggested that these 3D tumor models composed of SF/CS are promising to provide a valuable biomaterial platform in the evaluation of anticancer drugs.
 Programmed pH/reduction-responsive nanoparticles for efficient delivery of anti-tumor agents in vivo
Chen WL+,Yang SD+,Li F, Qu CX, Liu Y, Wang Y,Wang DD,Zhang XN*
Acta Biomater. DOI:10.1016/j.actbio.2018.09.040 IF 6.036 一区
To bypass the biological barriers during the drug delivery process, it is desirable to develop smart nanoparticles (NPs) with flexible physical and chemical properties. In this study, a programmed NP delivery system with a pH-triggered detachable PEG layer and a lactobionic acid (Lac)-modified reductionresponsive core was developed to address the ‘‘PEG dilemma” and provide an on-demand intracellular release of doxorubicin (DOX). The positively charged DOX-loaded lactobionic acid-chitosan-lipoic acid (DOX/LCL) NPs were prepared and coated with a negatively charged dimethylmaleic acid-PEG-chitosan (PEG-CS-DA) layer to obtain a prolonged circulation time and improve the tumor-targeting effect. After reaching the tumor tissues through a targeted delivery effect, the surface charge of the PEG-CS-DA layer was reversed from negative to positive because of the trigger by the acidic microenvironment (pH 6.8), thus leading to the detachment of the PEG layer. The exposure of positive charges and the active targeting ligand enhanced cellular uptake and facilitated penetration into tumor tissues. Subsequently, the rapid release and diffusion of DOX into the nuclei was triggered by the intracellular high concentration of glutathione, thus leading to cell apoptosis. In conclusion, these programmed pH/reduction-responsive NPs provide a promising strategy for the delivery of antitumor agents in vivo.